Soldiers and aircrew partner with smart machines for Salisbury Plain experiment
Image credit: DSTL
Scientists from the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl) have been working with soldiers, aircrew and industry partners on Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire in a unique experiment to see how humans and a new generation of smart machines can partner to change the way that military operations are conducted.
During a two-week exercise at Copehill Down Village, soldiers and aircrew combined their core platforms with uncrewed aerial vehicles (UAVs) and autonomous unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) developed by industry partners to look at the challenges and opportunities provided by technology that could help the Army improve military advantage.
Helicopter pilots controlled UAVs from the cockpit, providing ground troops and vehicles with improved situational awareness. Tank commanders and dismounted troops used UGVs and UAVs to enhance their ability to find targets in complex urban environments.
Cpl Liam Fisher, 1st Battalion The Yorkshire Regiment, said: “Technically, it's a big game of hide and seek. We can get ‘hands on’ with the drones, get ‘hands on’ with the ground vehicles and find the people you need to find. It will absolutely make a difference, there are parts where you can't go, especially for your dismounts. So instead of using ground troops, you can push the UGVs out or other vehicles out and get them to do your job for you instead.”
The MOD is investigating how to reduce the collective burden of war's fighting tasks on soldiers by exploiting software and autonomous vehicles to carry out tasks such as combat support and intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) missions.
This trial falls under the 'Army Warfighting Experiment', a project that has been running for the last 10 years and gives personnel the opportunity to test a whole range of futuristic technology. Dstl’s scientific expertise identifies and carries out initial testing on viable industry proposals to deliver technology that shows the greatest potential to the end user and deliver clear military and strategic advantage to the UK.
Jamie M, project manager at Dstl, said: “These types of experiments are really important for the future, if we're going to keep pushing forward and understanding autonomous technologies and behaviours, we need to have these experiments where we can be right at the beginning of the science and get soldiers’ inputs straight away into the development of the systems.
“This has been a hugely demanding activity to pull together, particular during the Covid-19 pandemic with significant hurdles to overcome to deliver a trial of this complexity. It has been a privilege to work alongside Army colleagues to understand their challenges and help shape the development of industry-delivered solutions that could address those challenges.”
The industry partners were selected through a competition enabled by the Defence and Security Accelerator to look for innovative solutions to crewed and uncrewed teaming. Industry was asked to demonstrate some or all of the following:
- A semi-autonomous uncrewed system which can be demonstrated in the field by the end of the project (at AWE 2019).
- A control interface for the semi-autonomous system which can be operated by a single user who will not be required to maintain constant operation.
- A control interface suitable for operation within an armoured ground or air platform but that can be removed from that platform and operate with its own power supply.
- A system which seeks to consider and minimise cognitive load on the operator in relation to the crewed and uncrewed systems while not being fully autonomous.
Industry teams were given 12 months to develop and deliver novel semi-autonomous uncrewed systems capable of being operated on the move in current Army platforms in a representative military environment.
Dstl is an executive agency of the MOD, with around 4,000 staff working across four sites: Porton Down, near Salisbury; Portsdown West, near Portsmouth; Fort Halstead, near Sevenoaks, and Alverstoke, near Gosport.
The Laboratory works with the MOD in areas of research, creating new capabilities for defence and security; provides support in assessing and evaluating current and next-generation capabilities; offers specialist military advice, and maintains operational support.
The future of war and the development of military technology is often a confluence of national defence requirements and technological advances. E&T ran a three-part series in 2018, looking at the future of war on land, at sea and in the air. Even army camouflage has benefitted from technological development over the decades.
Sign up to the E&T News e-mail to get great stories like this delivered to your inbox every day.