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View from India: Connecting the dots across innovation

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Advancements in smart technology, digital twins and autonomous vehicles are based on the framework of artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning (ML), the Internet of Things (IoT) and 5G. India is at the cusp of change.

These cutting-edge technology changes will impact our world in several ways. Through a convergence of technologies, new algorithms and designs will be developed to create products, test cases and services to meet the new demands.

This next-generation technology will push the boundaries of commercial innovation. “By 2024, 25 per cent of the mobility traffic will happen through 5G. This requires massive innovation. In the next five years, the automotive industry will have over 470 million connected vehicles. By 2025, 22 billion devices will be driven by IoT,” said Sandeep Kapoor, marketing director, Keysight Technologies, speaking at the recent Keysight World 2019 event. 

Already many operations like basic payroll as well as collaborative work projects are all happening on the cloud. These developments will result in an increased demand in wireless networks.

“In the case of data centres, the annual global intellectual property (IP) traffic is expected to witness an increase in traffic by 127-fold from 2005-2021,” Kapoor pointed out. 

Seen from the Indian perspective, the 5G spectrum auction is expected to happen sometime next year. Once that happens, it will help fulfill the 'Make in India' vision.  This will give a massive thrust to aerospace, defence, R&D and manufacturing, especially electric vehicles.

The core technological advancements that are taking place will help us transcend to the next generation. “AI’s compute power will take advantage of data. Many of our decisions and daily routine tasks will be influenced by AI. Facial-recognition software will leverage the potential of AI and ML to solve crime-related issues,” explained Donna Majcen, Vice President, Global Field Marketing, Keysight Technologies.

Besides AI, 5G is another technological advantage. It has the ability of high bandwidth and low latency. Massive investments are expected to come from the IT industry and the government as well.

We are all looking forward to 5G technology, with its promise of information at exponential speeds. 5G unlocks the solution of taking hundreds of data centres and millions of edge computing centres and localising it.

It’s important to put infrastructure in place in order to make 5G happen. Cloud is one of the driving forces that will transform its infrastructure. One needs to comb through the volume of information to use large quantities of data effectively. The cloud model is perfect for gleaning critical data, which helps in making time-specific decisions.

The IoT architecture interspersed with 5G will give a value add for real-time information and this is not just for high-end manufacturing or IT giants. Take the case of a daily basic essential, such as an umbrella. An IoT-connected umbrella could in future check the weather and help the individual make informed decisions. On a lighter side, the umbrella could even change its colour to reflect the user's mood or preference.

“Other than IoT, Industrial IoT (IIoT) will facilitate the Industry 4.0 scenario. This fourth industrial revolution will redefine many processes within the retail space. Discounts in real time will happen just as the supply chain becomes intelligent,” added Majcen.

Manufacturing will become more digitised and more connected. By 2020, there will be 20 billion connected sensors. This level of connectivity will be used through a spectrum of verticals including healthcare devices used to monitor a person’s well being. Likewise, in the case of agriculture, sensors will be used to monitor climate, minimise water wastage and locate livestock. These are just a few examples and such developments will happen everywhere.

One thing is clear we are heading towards an era where products will be very different from what they are now. This calls for design capabilities of a higher order, led by cognitive and lateral approaches. The dynamics of design will change as it will draw the essence of multiple disciplines. Design will become disruptive.  

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