Renewable energy to be stored in weights dangled above mineshafts
Renewable energy could be stored in mineshafts using the power of gravity under a new project from energy start-up Gravitricity, which has just received a £650,000 grant from Innovate UK.
The technology uses a massive weight suspended in mine shafts to capture green power, and then releases it in seconds to order to send the energy back to the grid.
If Gravitricity’s plan succeeds, their technology could breathe new life into former mining communities and, with it, jobs and economic activity, the company said
The UK funds will enable them to start building a scale demonstrator later this year and find a site to install a full-scale prototype by 2020.
They are now on the look-out for investors, including those who can bring mining experience to the team, and suitable shafts to trial their technology.
Once they have proven the technology in old mines, they then plan to sink new shafts to store energy wherever it is required.
“As we rely more and more on renewable energy, there is an increasing need to find ways to store that energy – so we can produce quick bursts of power exactly when it is needed,” explained company managing director Charlie Blair.
“So far there is a lot of focus on batteries, but our idea is quite different.
“Gravitricity uses a heavy weight – up to 2,000 tonnes – suspended in a deep shaft by cables attached to winches.
“When there is excess electricity, for example on a windy day, the weight is winched to the top of the shaft ready to generate power.
“This weight can then be released when required – in less than a second – and the winches become generators, producing either a large burst of electricity quickly, or releasing it more slowly depending on what is needed,” Blair explained.
“It’s a simple case of ‘What goes up, must come down’,” he said.
Unlike batteries, the Gravitricity system can operate for decades without any degradation or reduction in performance, Blair states.
The idea of using gravity to store energy is not new. Britain already relies on a number of pumped storage hydro schemes, where water is pumped uphill to be released when required. Work is expected to start this year on a new facility in North Wales which will be the first of its kind to be built in the UK for 30 years.
“The difference is we don’t need a mountain with a loch or lake at the top, and we can react much faster,” said Blair.
He said the biggest single cost is the hole, and that is why the start-up is developing their technology using existing mine shafts, both in the UK and in South Africa.
As the technology advances, the cost of drilling will reduce significantly and will allow them to sink purpose-built shafts wherever they are required, the company claimed.
The start-up plans to build models from 1 to 20MW, and estimates each ‘Gravitricity Energy Storage System’ will last up to 50 years.
Later this year they will build and test a part-scale demonstrator, and they are currently short-listing a number of disused mine shafts for their first full-scale working prototype in 2019/20.