326,000 VW cars in US to receive emissions fix

The US Environmental Protection Agency and California Air Resources Board have approved a fix for 326,000 Volkswagen (VW) diesel cars following revelations that they were installed with systems to evade emission regulators.

It will include hardware and software upgrades, including replacing an emissions catalyst but will reduce vehicle fuel economy ratings by as much as 2 miles per US gallon.

The world’s largest automaker will still need to obtain approval for a resale plan for the 2009-2014 model diesel vehicles after making repairs – something that is expected in the coming weeks – but the fix is a significant milestone for the company as it aims to move beyond its diesel emissions crisis.

Volkswagen said in a statement it was pleased with the approval and that it means 98 per cent of 2.0-litre diesel vehicles have been approved for a fix. Regulators said extensive testing shows the fix will not affect “vehicle reliability or durability.”

In March, Volkswagen pleaded guilty to three felonies in a US court and admitted it used secret software that allowed vehicles to emit pollution at up to 40 times the legal limit.

The September 2015 disclosure that VW intentionally cheated on emissions tests for at least six years led to the ousting of its chief executive, damaged the company’s reputation around the world and generated massive bills.

Volkswagen agreed last year to offer to buy back up to 475,000 diesel vehicles with 2.0-litre engines that had been sold in the United States, including the vehicles that won approval on Thursday for a fix. Thursday’s approval means that the firm can now offer hardware and software upgrades and compensation to owners.

The approval is also a key step toward allowing the carmaker to resell or potentially export tens of thousands of diesel cars it has repurchased and is storing all over the United States.

As of the end of May, Volkswagen had 37 secure storage facilities around the United States housing close to 275,000 vehicles. Those places include a shuttered suburban Detroit football stadium, a former Minnesota paper mill and a field near a raceway in Colorado.

The automaker has spent more than $6.3bn to repurchase 2.0-litre vehicles and compensate owners.

The vehicles winning approval for an upgrade are the oldest of the models that came under scrutiny in the company’s diesel cheating scandal. Those models are known as Generation One.

Volkswagen said previously that about 325,000 vehicles were in Generation One including diesel Jetta, Jetta SportWagen, Golf, Beetle, Beetle Convertible and Audi A3 cars.

Earlier this year, EPA approved fixes for two newer generations of diesel cars, including 84,000 Passat diesel vehicles of model years 2012-2014 with automatic transmissions in Generation Two and 67,000 model 2015 diesels in Generation 3. The only vehicles without a fix are manual 2012-2014 Passat diesels.

Volkswagen has agreed to spend up to $25bn to address claims from US owners, environmental regulators, states and dealers, and offered to buy back about 500,000 polluting vehicles, including some larger 3.0-litre vehicles.

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