Trump’s immigration ban attracts strong criticism from Silicon Valley
President Donald Trump’s recent travel ban on residents from seven countries entering the US has drawn consternation from Silicon Valley companies, which have openly criticised the move.
The tech sector led corporate resistance to the clampdown, financing legal opposition, criticising the plan, as well as helping employees caught out by the executive order.
In an industry that has long depended on immigrants and celebrated their contributions - as well as championing liberal causes such as gay rights - there was little initial consensus on exactly how to respond to Trump’s move on Friday.
While most in the tech industry stopped short of directly criticising the new Republican president, they went much further than their counterparts in other sectors, who were mostly silent over the weekend. Most of the major US banks and auto companies, for example, declined to comment.
Trump ordered a temporary ban on travellers from seven Muslim-majority countries - including Iran, Iraq and Syria - as well as a 120-day halt to refugee resettlement.
The action triggered a global backlash and sowed confusion and anger after immigrants, refugees and visitors were kept off flights and left stranded in airports.
Bigger companies such as Apple, Google and Microsoft offered legal aid to employees affected by the order, according to letters sent to staff. Several Silicon Valley executives donated money to legal efforts supporting immigrants facing the ban.
These actions follow a letter sent to Trump by the Internet Association on behalf of firms including Facebook, Google, Amazon and Twitter in November that called for immigration reform that would simplify hiring overseas skilled workers among other issues.
Among those affected by the ban was Khash Sajadi, the British-Iranian chief executive of San Francisco-based tech company Cloud 66, who was stuck in London. Like many tech workers, he holds an H1B visa, which enables foreigners with special expertise to work for US companies.
Sajadi said he hoped big tech companies would take legal action to protect affected employees. That could help set a precedent for people in similar situations, but not at smaller companies.
“Ultimately, I think them simply speaking up is not going to move the needle with people who are not wealthy and do not live on the East or West Coasts," he said.
The response from tech companies has been “as forceful as it possibly can be,” said Eric Talley, a corporate law professor at Columbia Law School.
“One of the difficult aspects of reaction to the Trump administration in its first couple of weeks is trying to balance the interest of expressing legitimate concern... against the potential cost of being out too far ahead of everyone else,” he said.
The tech industry also has other issues where it may find itself opposed to Trump, including trade policy and cyber security.
The president of Mountain View, California-based startup incubator Y Combinator, Sam Altman, wrote a widely read blog post urging tech leaders to band together against the immigration order. He said he has spoken with a variety of people about organising opposition, but remains unsure about the best course of action.
“The honest answer is we don’t know yet,” he said. “We are talking with legal groups and tech groups, but this is so unprecedented that I don’t think anyone has a manual.”
At Lyft, co-founders John Zimmer and Logan Green pledged on the company’s blog to donate a million dollars over the next four years to the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), which won a temporary stay of part of Trump’s executive order on Saturday night.
Slack collaboration service co-founder Stewart Butterfield and Union Square Ventures partners Albert Wenger and Fred Wilson promised to match contributions to the ACLU.
Dave McClure, the founding partner of 500 Startups and an outspoken critic of Trump, said his venture capital firm will soon open its first fund in the Middle East and will shift its attention to supporting entrepreneurs in their native countries, if bringing them to the United States proves impossible.
“Investing in entrepreneurs in other countries is probably one of the best things we can do to promote international awareness and understanding,” he said.
Rank-and-file employees were already prodding executives to go further over the weekend.
Shortly after learning of Trump’s order, Brad Taylor, a 37-year-old engineer for web analytics firm Optimizely, began organising “Tech Against Trump,” a protest scheduled to take place on 14 March.
In addition to holding a rally in Palo Alto, California, organisers of the event were urging tech workers at companies that have remained silent on Trump to walk out of their offices.
Taylor said he was heartened by tech leaders’ statements over the weekend, but wants to see the industry go further.
“The purpose of this is not to be against tech, but to urge them to be on the right side of history,” he said.
Some tech companies have recently been searching for safe properties in New Zealand and former military bunkers following Trump’s election over fears of nuclear catastrophe.