An electric-hybrid engine for Venice water taxis is being developed by engineers from the University of Southampton who hope it will provide cleaner, greener transport in the city.
Venice, a UNESCO World Heritage city, has approximately 20,000 leisure craft and 550 taxi boats serving some 32 million visitors every year. All are currently diesel-powered meaning Venice suffers from high levels of air and noise pollution that affects the water, architecture and health of both residents and tourists alike.
Working with REAPsystems, a UK-based independent specialist in advanced propulsion systems, the Southampton engineers are creating a clean drop-in hybrid diesel electric engine they say can be installed by any boat builder and fitted into all existing boats.
The system uses the latest diesel engine technology paired with a high-power, compact and efficient electric motor and inverter as well as a modern lithium-ion battery and advanced system control unit.
In the city, the engine can be 'clutched out' to allow pure electric drive which means no noise, no pollution, no vibrations and no fuel consumption.
During medium to high speed, the diesel engine automatically takes over. During diesel operation, the electric motor works as a generator, recharging the batteries and pushing the engine into a more efficient operation. The electric motor may also assist in order to reduce exhaust emissions.
Professor Suleiman Sharkh, head of mechatronics at the University of Southampton, said: "The benefits are clear: no noise, no pollution, no vibrations when operating in the city.
“Our demonstration with the water taxi will inform the local authorities, so they can tighten their regulations. Thus, the reduced maintenance cost and the halved fuel consumption will convince operators to switch to these green engines."
The hybrid-drive taxi boat will be tested this summer to coincide with new legislation concerning pollution from waterborne traffic.
A crowdfunding project has been launched to fund the development of the technology.
REAPsystems chief technology officer Dr Dennis Doerffel said: "Our crowdfunding campaign is a complete reversal of the usual commercial approach. We involve the public on our journey. This way we can kickstart the hybrid revolution together."