Italian sports car manufacturer Ferrari has mounted a turbocharged engine into its latest car as it seeks to cut emissions without jeopardising performance.
The eight-cylinder turbocharged engine fitted into Ferrari’s California T model, to be introduced at the Geneva Motor Show this week, represents the first instance in more than 20 years when Ferrari has turned to this technology.
Ferrari said the engine will consume 15 per cent less fuel than its naturally-aspirated predecessor, reducing carbon dioxide emissions to 250g per kilometre (g/km) from 299g.
Turbochargers pump air directly into the cylinders to achieve better performance of a smaller engine. However, the initial acceleration tends to be rather slow compared with conventional naturally aspirated engines drawing air in through a valve.
Ferrari previously used a turbocharged engine in the 1987 and 1992.
"The California T ... is one of the results of significant investment in product and technological innovation," Chairman Luca di Montezemolo said last month.
The Fiat-owned sports car maker claims to have achieved "zero turbo lag" with the new technology that adapts the torque curve to each gear change.
The new model can accelerate from 0 to 100km/h in 3.6 seconds, Ferrari said, 0.2 seconds faster than the 2012 California. Pricing has not been disclosed, although it is not expected to be significantly higher than the tag of around €185,000 ($255,500) on the last California.
The Italian carmaker also said it had modified the car's exhaust to enhance engine noise, offsetting the turbo's muffling effect.
The move by Ferrari coincides with this year's introduction of new Formula One rules requiring the use of turbocharged engines in the sport for the first time since 1988.
Fuel-efficiency improvements account for a large share of the €2bn (£1.65bn) investment into research and development planned by Ferrari over the next five years.
The car-maker, which last year introduced its first hybrid, the €1m LaFerrari, said its average CO2 emissions have already fallen 40 per cent since 2007.
Ferrari’s rival Lamborghini hasn’t moved to greener technologies yet. In Geneva, it will introduce the new Huracan LP 610-4 model, equipped with a 10-cylinder carbon fibre and aluminum engine emitting an average 290g/km of CO2.