The World Bank plans to limit the financing it provides for coal-fired power plants to "rare circumstances".
The move is detailed in a 39-page strategy document seen by Reuters and comes shortly after US President Barack Obama announced that the US would stop investing in coal projects overseas and called on multilateral banks to do the same as part of a sweeping package of climate measures.
"The World Bank Group will help clients identify alternatives to coal power as they make transitions toward sustainable energy," the report says.
The bank plans to cease providing financial support for new coal power generation projects, "except in rare circumstances where there are no feasible alternatives available to meet basic energy needs and other sources of financing are absent."
A spokesman said the World Bank is committed to helping create universal access to electricity and safe household fuels, doubling the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix, and doubling the rate of improvement of energy efficiency.
"The World Bank Group's energy work is aligned with our twin goals of ending extreme poverty and promoting shared prosperity and the objectives of sustainable energy for all," the bank's Frederick Jones said in a statement.
The paper, titled "Toward a Sustainable Energy Future for All," has been submitted to board members for their review in preparation for a discussion on July 19, and could still be revised.
The report said that natural gas could play an important role if coal is phased out.
"Natural gas, which has half the carbon footprint of coal at the point of combustion, can be the least-cost means of providing flexible electricity supply where demand and supply fluctuate," the report says.