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Samsung study rejects claims semiconductor plants caused cancers

Samsung commissioned study into chip plants rejects assertions that employees were exposed to carcinogenic chemicals.

Despite the findings, the South Korean firm said it would consider offering financial support for some of its former employees diagnosed with cancer, following allegations by civic groups and some former employees that its working environment caused leukemia.

Samsung says 26 of its employees who worked at its chip plants had been diagnosed with leukemia or lymphoma, and 10 of them had died of cancer. Civic groups say there are many more workers who have gotten ill due to hazardous working environment.

Samsung commissioned US consulting firm Environ last year to conduct an investigation following continued pressure, despite two previous studies by the government, which found no problems at Samsung’s plants.

Samsung is the largest chipmaker after Intel and earned $27.8 billion from chip sales last year. Its sprawling semiconductor factories in Giheung, where its chip business first started in early 1980s, employ more than 30,000 people.

The study focused on six cases involved in compensation claims and concluded there was no link between workplace exposure and diagnosed cancers.

“We did not find a link between exposure to cancer-causing chemicals and the health conditions of six employees,” said Paul Harper, principal of Environ.

Formaldehyde, ionizing radiation and trichloroethylene were the only chemicals and agents used or detected on Samsung’s lines that are known to be related to the cancers in question, Environ said.

None of the six cases were exposed to the carcinogens in sufficient quantities to be associated with increased risks of cancer, Environ said.

The old chip production lines where employees worked and later developed the illnesses were converted into chip test lines and light emitting diode production lines. The study was based on reconstructed exposures estimated by similar exposure groups.

The finding comes after a Seoul court last month ruled in favour of two former Samsung employees. In its ruling, the Seoul Administrative Court said although the precise cause of the workers’ illness wasn’t clear, it can be construed that their exposures to chemicals may have had some connection with their illness.

A total of nine cases are filed against the government-run Korea Workers Compensation & Welfare Service but not directly against Samsung.

The government fund said it appealed against the ruling on Thursday and Samsung said its review was not aimed at influencing the court case.

“It’s not part of our legal strategy but rather part of our attempt to fully access whether there are any problems in Samsung’s working environment,” a Samsung executive in the legal department said.

Civic groups and activists expressed scepticism about results of the study, which was reviewed by researchers from Harvard University, Johns Hopkins University, University of Michigan and Yale University.

Samsung didn’t disclose the full report of the review, citing confidentiality agreement with its chemicals suppliers, and said it will consider releasing parts of the document after more review.

If the court case is finalised as industrial accident, it could deal a blow to the reputation of Samsung, which boasts a global high-tech manufacturer of flat screens, semiconductors and handsets.

Samsung reiterated that chemicals used during the chip making process at its plants had not caused the cancers. “Samsung has worked to transparently address questions about workplace health and safety...We believe this study...is consistent with previous studies that found no correlation between the workplace environment and employee illness,” said Kwon Oh-hyun, head of Samsung’s chip business.

The reputation of the electronics sector as a clean industry has been challenged in the past decade by cancer developments from those who worked at computer parts manufacturer.

In 2003, two former workers of International Business Machine sued the firm, claiming their exposure to chemicals in computer disk drive factory made them sick and ultimately gave them cancer. Later the claim was cleared by a US court, and IBM commissioned independent review, which concluded that its workplace conditions did not cause cancer or other fatal illnesses.

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