India focus

The latest in our series of reports from the emerging countries that will be vital to achieving an agreement at the climate change conference in Copenhagen.

India is tackling climate change with the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC). The stated objective of this policy is to establish an effective, cooperative and equitable global approach based on the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and relative capabilities; to identify measures that promote development objectives while yielding co-benefits for climate change.

The plan was developed by a special council appointed by the Prime Minister in 2007. The Council includes ministers, government officials, scientists, civil society and business, but has met infrequently. As of 2009, strategies to advance the eight missions identified in the plan are being developed by ministries, agencies and consultants. The need for further stakeholder engagement has been recognised. Many programmes in the NAPCC have been underway for some time, but it is not always clear how the plan will build or expand on these existing programmes. The council are also proposing to revisit many difficult or stalled policy and regulatory reform processes. However, proposed programmes to significantly expand solar power are new; energy efficiency mission implementation involves significant new programmes.


Drought/thermal/pest-resistant crop development

Improve communication and capacity of extension workers to support vulnerability-reducing activities

Weather modeling, risk insurance, credit; improve access to weather and agricultural information


Urban public transport

Transport pricing reform and higher regulatory standards

Energy generation/use

Increased deployment of solar PV; 1,000MW of concentrating solar thermal power

Energy efficiency in industries, small enterprises, energy production, residential sector

Promotion of ESCOs and retrofits

Regulate power tariffs for irrigation

Retire or rehabilitate 10,000MW old capacity

RD&D of supercritical coal

Promote nuclear power (closed cycle technology)

Exploit hydropower potential (large, medium, micro)

Explore dynamic minimum renewables purchase standard starting in 2009-10


Increase water use efficiency and equity

Mandate water harvesting and recycling

Wetlands conservation

Desalination technology development


Expand forest cover to one-third of country's area

Additional afforestation programs



Monitor Himalayan glaciers and ecosystems

Improve land use and development planning

Improve coastal protection through infrastructure and forest/ mangrove restoration

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