3D printing is the greener choice

4 October 2013
By Edd Gent
Mobile version
Share |
Materials science graduate John Laureto prints a gear on a Rep Rap 3-D printer in Joshua Pearce's lab at Michigan Tech

Materials science graduate John Laureto prints a gear on a Rep Rap 3-D printer in Joshua Pearce's lab at Michigan Tech

3D printing isn't just cheaper than normal manufacturing processes, but also greener, according to a new study.

The research by Michigan Technological University's Joshua Pearce showed that making products on a 3D printer uses less energy – and therefore releases less carbon dioxide – than producing it en masse in a factory and shipping it to a warehouse.

"The bottom line is, we can get substantial reductions in energy and CO2 emissions from making things at home," Pearce said. "And the home manufacturer would be motivated to do the right thing and use less energy, because it costs so much less to make things on a 3D printer than to buy them off the shelf or on the Internet."

Even Pearce, an aficionado of the make-it-yourself-and-save technology, was surprised at his results as common sense would suggest that mass-producing plastic widgets would take less energy per unit than making them one at a time on a 3D printer.

"It's more efficient to melt things in a cauldron than in a test tube," said Pearce.

Most 3D printers for home use, like the RepRap used in the study, are about the size of microwave ovens and work by melting filament, usually plastic, and depositing it layer by layer in a specific pattern with thousands of free designs available online.

Pearce’s group conducted life cycle impact analyses on three products: an orange juicer, a children's building block and a waterspout. The cradle-to-gate analysis of energy use went from raw material extraction to one of two endpoints: entry into the US for an item manufactured overseas or printing it at home on a 3D printer.

Pearce's group found that making the items on a basic 3D printer took from 41 to 64 per cent less energy than making them in a factory and shipping them to the US, with some of the savings coming from using less raw material.

"Children's blocks are normally made of solid wood or plastic," said Pearce, an associate professor of materials science and engineering/electrical and computer engineering. 3D printed blocks can be made partially or even completely hollow, requiring much less plastic.

Pearce's team ran their analysis with two common types of plastic filament used in 3D printing: acrylonitrile butadiene styrene and polylactic acid (PLA). PLA is made from renewable resources, such as cornstarch, making it a greener alternative to petroleum-based plastics.

The team also did a separate analysis on products made using solar-powered 3D printers, which drove down the environmental impact even further.

A paper on their work is in press in the journal ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering.

Latest Issue

E&T cover image 1606

"Where would Frankenstein and his creative mind fit into today's workplace? Should we fear technological developments or embrace them?"

E&T jobs

  • Principal Consultant

    EA Technology
    • Capenhurst
    • Up to £60k DOE + company bonus, generous pension scheme & benefits package

    EA Technology are recruiting for Experienced Consultants to deliver a broad portfolio of projects within our Smart Interventions Division.

    • Recruiter: EA Technology

    Apply for this job

  • Senior Consultant

    EA Technology
    • Capenhurst
    • Up to £45k DOE + company bonus, generous pension scheme & benefits package

    EA Technology are recruiting for Experienced Consultants to deliver a broad portfolio of projects within our Smart Interventions Division

    • Recruiter: EA Technology

    Apply for this job

  • Mid-Level Electrical Engineer

    Max Fordham LLP
    • London

    We are looking for an electrical engineer with around 4- 6 years of design experience to join and work with an able and talented group of engineers..

    • Recruiter: Max Fordham LLP

    Apply for this job

  • Electrical Training Officer / NVQ 3 Assessor

    Premium job

    JTL
    • Norwich, Norfolk
    • Competitive + Pension + Personal BUPA cover

    As a Qualified Electrician, you know what it takes to complete electrical work to exceptional standards of safety and quality.

    • Recruiter: JTL

    Apply for this job

  • Electrical Training Officer / NVQ 3 Assessor

    Premium job

    JTL
    • Dorchester, Poole or Bournemouth
    • Circa £29,000

    As a Qualified Electrician, you know what it takes to complete electrical work to exceptional standards of safety and quality.

    • Recruiter: JTL

    Apply for this job

  • Electrical Training Officer / NVQ 3 Assessor

    Premium job

    JTL
    • London
    • Competitive + Pension + Personal BUPA cover

    As a Qualified Electrician, you know what it takes to complete electrical work to exceptional standards of safety and quality.

    • Recruiter: JTL

    Apply for this job

  • Project Manager - Eastern Region

    Defence Infrastructure Organisation
    • Woolwich, London
    • £24,362 (plus car, +10% supervisory allowance)

    Opportunity to be at the heart of what SSG will be delivering to its wide and varied client base.

    • Recruiter: Defence Infrastructure Organisation

    Apply for this job

  • Project Manager - South West

    Defence Infrastructure Organisation
    • Shrivenham, Swindon
    • £24,362 (plus car, +10% supervisory allowance)

    The Project Manager would be responsible for remedial and small/medium new project works across the Southwest of England

    • Recruiter: Defence Infrastructure Organisation

    Apply for this job

  • Nuclear Facilities Governance Manager

    BAE Systems
    • England, Cumbria, Barrow-In-Furness
    • Negotiable

    Nuclear Facilities Governance Manager Would you like to be accountable for all the Nuclear Governance for both existing day to day facilities on the Barrow Site in addition to the Proposed Facilities development which is part of the multi-million pound si

    • Recruiter: BAE Systems

    Apply for this job

  • Impact Specialist

    Cardiff University
    • Cardiff, Cardiff (Caerdydd)
    • £31,656 - £37,768 per annum (Grade 6).

    You will enhance the interface with business, public and third sector research users.

    • Recruiter: Cardiff University

    Apply for this job

More jobs ▶

Subscribe

Choose the way you would like to access the latest news and developments in your field.

Subscribe to E&T